To the Reader:
From Part I:
” The question of intelligent design and perfection in nature is taken to have been addressed by the work of Allmon and Ross (1990) as cited by Nicklaus  and by Howe and Smallwood (1982)  and S H Bullock (1997)  and it is therefore sufficient to merely state here that for the purposes of biomimetic study, biological structures must be treated as they are without regard to their origins or reason for being and examined for design indicators that can be utilised for the purposes of modern design and manufacture. To assume perfection in Nature’s design is a fallacy. All that can be assumed about nature’s designs is energy efficiency with available materials.”
A biological hook doesn’t do anything. And wasn’t designed, Therefore WE say what its function is, not the other way around. Descriptive rather than prescriptive engineering.
Nature only provides 4 basic materials: cellulose, chitin, keratin, collagens
so it’s only logical that engineeing can yield better/more efficient designs once the Natural Function and Form are understood, of the phenomenon being studied. But ONLY External Form and Function implies homogeneity of material.
There are different ways of looking at the following work papers and a phd transfer paper.
I set out to study a feasibility of constructing a microsized hook out of biomaterials. To take design for morphologies and micro-hardness for instance into account in their functional performance goals and look at Nature for answers. Biomimetics. From the Greek: Bios and mimos.
In fact this also forms part of a preliminary investigation into microsized structures in general and through self-assembly, perhaps….forming microsized structures with biological functionality at a microlevel.
The papers are NOT peer reviewed nor have they been published.
They HAVE been submitted recently and judged to not to be of scientific merit which surprises me not. They ARE 9 years old on top of all the other arguments. Nonetheless I thought they might be of interest. Shame about the images.
I completed them in unsupervised circumstances to the best of my ability in hospital – so these are to be taken, not lightly then perhaps with some salt, as the engineering is only of second year level, in my humble opinion, and the botany (?) perhaps not even or the same.
Maybe it was the morphine talking.
I could and would make some revisions, now, after many years but what’s the point when I have been isolated academically. Too much work, which I can vouch for, went into this and other papers for me to leave them unpublished, somewhere…
As long as you remember the rule about reading stuff online.
I HAVE presented references/sources which you might find useful.
Just because these papers and contributions will not get published does not mean that they were not carefully researched and considered – the availablility of papers on the subject was sparse at that time. Very sparse.
Just the other day (August 2014) I read that claws (or hooks) from the Cambrian Age of the Burgess Shale, Canada, dig have been used to establish a latest specimen in the evolutionary family.
These were was written in 2005/6 from work done in 2002/3/4. i.e. Pre- recent developments in layered manufacture etc.
I have Just submitted a series of 3 papers to a Biomimetics Journal. (14/8/14)
I wouldn’t go past the items on Bomimetics, if I was you.
As far as the Chapters of the draft book that follow – there is something about the style of the writing that you do not know about which I want to preserve. The origin and conditions of writing were absurd.
Some of the stuff is plain tasteless I am afraid but it went down hot off the brain scan, so to speak.
Sorry about them. I’ll read them sometime myself.
Just concentrate on the Biomimetics/hook stuff. It’s a fun way to think and design.
Basically I was exploring the current options of the time for a possibility of manufacture a micro-sized hook from a biomaterial, From the structure and shape of real hooks in Nature of different materials, using a confocal microscope as the best imaging choice available, inclduding SEM TEM etc. But in the end sectioning using a microtome and Solidworks software to restore the sections to a part image, proved the best, and suitable for producing a .stl file for a rapid prototyping device.