This has been challenged by Carl Woese in a paper I have yet to read. I too challenge it and wish to propose a further theory of evolution (there are 3 I think)
Consider each species Si (for want of a better name) as an individual, unrelated to others. Each appears in the world at a different time in history di.
Each Si has a mass, Mi and a density, Roi and each is composed of different materials, mati,j, and each Si has a volume Vi.
Then we can say that Mi = Roij times Vij
Let Fi = Mi g = Sigma (Roij * Vij)g for i,j = n,m
Let each Fi be the weight of a species = xi, i=1…z
z being the number of species on the planet.
Let P = x * k = Force(x) due to gravity
Then P(x) = x*k
Then the integral of P(x) by Fourier Analysis =
The integral from 0 to z of P(x)
= The Integral (Sigma Mij*g) dx, from 1 to z
= The Integral (Sigma Vij*Roij)*g *x*k, dx from 1 to z
Bruce E Saunders M.Eng. Ph.D.